Art and Literature in the Raw

Written by Charli Mills

Charli Mills, a born buckaroo, makes literary art accessible at She writes about the veteran spouse experience and women forgotten to history.

April 26, 2017

Essay by Urszula Humienik, a member of the Congress of Rough Writers.

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Kurt Vonnegut once told The Paris Review, “I think it can be tremendously refreshing if a creator of literature has something on his mind other than the history of literature so far. Literature should not disappear up its own asshole, so to speak.” Which is something I must have thought or heard or read somewhere sometime in high school, because instead of writing and literature, I decided to pursue a degree in my other passion.

I didn’t decide to go into some useful and prestigious field like law or medicine, like many other writers such as Harper Lee, John Grisham, Anton Chekhov, Khaled Hosseini, or even Gertrude Stein. No. I decided to go into art, a field even more useless than being an English major. Of course, I don’t believe that. I believe both art and literature to be essential. These two fields make us truly human while simultaneously showing us the human condition in the raw.

As a smart English teacher once said, “We don’t read and write poetry because it’s cute. We read and write poetry because we are members of the human race. And the human race is filled with passion. And medicine, law, business, engineering, these are noble pursuits and necessary to sustain life. But poetry, beauty, romance, love, these are what we stay alive for.” (John Keating, Dead Poets Society)

There seems to be an interwoven connection in my mind between art and literature, and it’s possible I’m not the only one. Lots of writers and poets made art, including: Sylvia Plath, Kurt Vonnegut, Lewis Carroll, Henry Miller, William S. Burroughs, Herman Hesse, Rudyard Kipling, Joseph Conrad, William Blake, e.e. cummings, and many others. Some artists also wrote. The surrealist painter Leonora Carrington wrote stories. Salvador Dali wrote screenplays. Even such brand names as Warhol and Picasso wrote. Gertrude Stein straddled the fence between these two worlds as a writer, art collector and muse. Her home was filled with artists of all types, including writers – so many of whom we know and love (or love to hate).

Then there are people like Patti Smith and Audrey Niffenegger, most known for The Time Traveler’s Wife, who make a living working in several artistic fields. I admire them both, and hate them just a little out of jealousy for being able to do what they love without staying within the boundaries of a neat label. We so love to label and put things in their place. I remember a friend once yelling at me in the stairway in high school, “Are you an artist or a writer? You can’t be both.” My answer throughout my life has always been why not.

There are several things I believe to be unarguable truths. One, our passions make us more interesting. Two, writers without passion for writing and the subject cannot write well. Three, any activity done without passion cannot be sustained for very long.

Somehow, in my life, I was fortunate to develop several passions. Two of them – art and writing – developed almost simultaneously, interwoven, interconnected to the point of being inseparable, one needing the other. I do not know if one can exist in this mind without the other. The way I see it, writing and visual art are just modes of expression, of connecting to another human being, of creating a space for an idea.

Visual art and literature begin in the same place in the psyche of their creator. I’m not sure if the spark to create them are the same, but maybe it is. Sometimes I feel that something that has come to me must be in the written and sometimes in the visual form, but I cannot explain the why or how I know that. The most interesting is when these two intersect. I have characters in my stories that are artists, for example, and I am drawn to create their art.

My art background also provides material for stories. An example is the following flash I came up with in response to one of Charli’s prompts, where I imagined what it would be like growing up in a house with a stolen painting hidden in plain sight.

Father’s Poppy Painting

A painting hanging in my father’s study figured large in my childhood. I remember its exotic golden yellow and crimson poppies on a background of burnt sienna and ochre. I remember days spent studying and copying it. I remember my mother constantly practicing Mendelssohn’s violin concerto in D minor. I remember father always gone on business. I remember the scent of Arfaj flowers wafting through the windows. Father’s poppy painting was the reason I decided to study art history at university.

One day when taking a class on famous stolen paintings, I discovered father’s poppy painting in my book.

There are several similarities between art making and writing. For starters, they often begin with a concept. Sometimes it’s just a word or a color or a vague idea. Once you have a concept, art and writing both have different phases of creation and exploration before achieving the final product:

  • play and experimentation – I’d argue that this may be one of the most important stages for both;
  • sketching, what would be akin to raw writing;
  • planning or outlining – depending on how a writer/artist works, this may happen earlier or later in the process;
  • and application of several layers.

This last phase may be thought of in different ways, but over time it has become how I think of the formation of a piece (of artwork or story). In a painting, this phase is obvious. The painter begins with a sketch or several, then the canvas is prepared with a base paint, next several background layers are applied, details are added, and added, and added, and added until the painting has achieved the painter’s intentions.

This is an oversimplification, of course, but a similar process occurs when writing. We begin with an outline or maybe just a rough story idea, which is then written and refined over layers. Some parts of the original raw writing become hidden under the layers of “improved” writing, but they are still there. And in my experience, the raw writing is necessary and enriches the final piece in ways others may not fully comprehend.

I spend much of my time thinking how I would describe a piece of art. It’s an exercise that’s more difficult than it seems (try it). There are many ways to talk about color and qualities of a line. It’s possible I could write essays on just those two characteristics alone. I also spend a great deal of time visualizing things I am writing, and I hope that improves my writing, deepens it, making it more tactile. I hope this means my writing is refreshing in the way Vonnegut said.


Urszula Humienik is a freelance writer and editor from Chicago, currently living in Bialystok, Poland. When she’s not working on her first novel, she’s doing yoga, meditating, or making delicious vegan food. You can find her on her blog or her latest obsession, Instagram.


Raw Literature is an ongoing conversation about those first works we create as writers, as literary artists. Guest Authors share personal insights on their craft, its process, the experience of creating raw literature and what they do with it. Carrot Ranch is a dynamic literary community that creates raw literature weekly in the form of flash fiction (99 word stories). If you have an essay idea, pitch to Charli Mills, Lead Buckaroo, at

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  1. Charli Mills

    Ula, this essays holds so much powerful affirmation for me because on the inside, I feel like an artist. It’s not so much that I see a vision, but I feel it. Words become the way to give it shape. To learn of your dual process is the closest I’ve come to saying that’s how I feel inside before I create. And yes, I definitely link it all to passion. History and natural sciences are both my icing and inspiration. Thank you for this essay and sharing your amazing art! Wow! What a way to get to know a character by creating art as that character.

    • Ula

      Thank you for having me Charli, and asking me to write about this topic. I feel in the writing of it I clarified some things for myself, so I’m glad it may help others.

      • Charli Mills

        Judging by the responses so far, I’d say it’s had an impact. 🙂

  2. Ruchira Khanna

    Art is within us all but many don’t recognize it and go on with their respective lives like a machine.

    Aren’t we glad we found ‘time’ to recognize this treasure ????

    Lovely thoughts, Urszula

    • Charli Mills

      It’s always good to find a way to draw out that inner art!

  3. Annecdotist

    Lovely post, Ula. I’ve never understood those writers who find it a chore. Of course it’s often hard going, but when it stems from passion it’s going to feel good too. And love your pictures. I’m not a visual artist but there’s a fair amount of art in my forthcoming novel.

    • Ula

      Thank you, Anne.

    • Charli Mills

      And I think there’s so many ways to include one’s passions in writing that it feels endless in its potential.

  4. vishalbheeroo

    This piece about raw literature is very helpful and will try to adopt it in the book, my first one, that I am currently on. Adding colors and splash to the characters. Beautiful post.

    • Ula

      Thanks. Glad to be of help.

    • Charli Mills

      Good luck to you, adding colors and splash to your characters and book!

  5. Norah

    I found this article very interesting, Ula. Thank you for sharing, and Charli for hosting. I am not an artist. While I visualize during writing, it’s of scenes, reality, rather than as artworks. The thought of creating artwork for any of my characters would terrify me. It would have to be very abstract. I love learning about the different processes used by writers. There is always something to take away. You’ve also reminded me of a few authors whose works I really must read. Thank you. 🙂

    • Ula

      Thank you, Norah

    • Charli Mills

      Norah, you comment makes me think that even in visualizing, there’s many variations. I’m visual, too but in a different way. I have trouble articulating what I “see” and that’s part of the challenge and appeal of creative writing.

      • Norah

        I think you’re right, Charli. We each have our own way of viewing the world, and of visualising what we imagine. Isn’t it wonderful!

  6. Dee Marie

    Your words told my story … as an art major and a novelist … I too have been told to be either an artist or a writer. In response, i just smile; for I know the two are eternally intertwined – one can not exist without the other. Thank you for sharing your insightful and inspiring journey.

    • Charli Mills

      Thanks for sharing your experience with this twining of art and literature. Makes me think why we would ever doubt both could co-exist in one person?

  7. Lisa @ The Meaning of Me

    “But poetry, beauty, romance, love, these are what we stay alive for.” – Ah, so true. One of my favorite lines ever.
    I think we all have passion and beauty and art in many forms within us. What many humans fear, unfortunately, is submitting to those passions and allowing them to inspire and drive us not only in artistic endeavors, but in all things. I like to wonder what we – and indeed the world – might be like if we allowed ourselves that freedom. Great post.

    • Charli Mills

      I for one would like to see a world with such freedom to pursue life-giving passions.

  8. julespaige

    Ula – I agree with your thoughts.
    I have always been a poet/writer/ artist. But artist is a very broad term.
    I enjoy small crafts, which not many consider art unless it is turned into a mass produced money making venture. I don’t work with gold, silver or precious gems. I also like fiber art. OK I don’t follow any patterns when crocheting scarves (most of which get donated to those in need). While I have gotten paid for some of my ‘craft art’ I have yet to get paid for my writing.

    And I’ve been told that after for over 50 years I can consider myself a professional 😉

    Continued success in your ventures. All the best, Jules

  9. julespaige

    That last paragraph should read…And I’ve been told that after writing for over 50 years…. (yes I started young!)

  10. Sarah Brentyn

    Ula, I love this! Fantastic post. “We don’t read and write poetry because it’s cute. We read and write poetry because we are members of the human race. And the human race is filled with passion.” Yes. That. (Also Kurt Vonnegut’a quote.) ???? You are both artist and writer. Because why not?


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